Exam Preparation, Ultrasound

 

Abdominal Ultrasound (liver, gallbladder, kidneys, pancreas, aorta and spleen)

Instructions: Fasting period (do not eat or drink), starting at midnight or for at least six hours prior to the exam.

Duration: 30 minutes

Pelvic Ultrasound (uterus, ovaries and bladder)

Instructions: Drink one litre of water before the exam (have a full bladder). 

Duration: 30 minutes

Abdominal and pelvic ultrasounds

Instructions: Do not eat for six hours prior to the exam AND drink one litre of water (have a full bladder).

Duration: 60 minutes

Viability (Dating)

Instructions: Drink one litre of water one hour before the examination.

Duration: 30 minutes

Nuchal translucency, IPS

Instructions: Drink one litre of water one hour before the examination (have a full bladder).

Duration: 30 minutes

Morphology

Instructions: No preparation necessary.

Duration: 45 minutes

Biophysical profile (BPP)/Growth/AFI

Instructions: No preparation necessary

Duration: 30 minutes

Doppler

This examination uses sound waves (ultrasounds). A sensor covered in conductive gel is moved across the skin (along the path of the vessel or organ being examined). 

Instructions: No preparation necessary.

Duration: 30 minutes

Doppler of legs and arms

This examination studies blood circulation in the veins. It is used to detect blood clots in deep veins. Therefore, it is used to detect deep phlebitis.

Instructions: No preparation necessary.

Duration: 30 minutes

Sonohysterography

This examination involves injecting a saline solution in the uterine cavity before examining it by means of a transvaginal ultrasound.  

Instructions: No preparation necessary.

Duration: 30 minutes

Bowel Ultrasound

This examination is used to assess inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn’s).

Instructions: No eating 6 hours before the examination, but you must drink one litre of water before the test (have a full bladder). 

Duration: 60 minutes

Breast Ultrasound

Instructions: No preparation necessary.

Duration: 30 minutes

Testicular/Scrotal Ultrasound

This examination is used to assess problems related to the testicles and surrounding area. It is performed when a patient has pain or swelling in the scrotum, or when a tumor has been detected by the patient or physician, or in the event of an injury to the scrotal region. 

Instructions: No preparation necessary.

Duration: 30 minutes

Thyroid Gland Ultrasound

This examination makes it possible to visualize the thyroid and detect the presence of nodules by moving an ultrasound sensor along the neck.

Instructions: No preparation necessary.

Duration: 30 minutes

Ultrasound Biopsies

Prostate Biopsy

Instructions: You must take antibiotics as prescribed by your urologist. You must wash (Fleet enema) 1 hour before leaving for the appointment. You may eat before the examination. You must not take aspirin, anticoagulants (blood thinners) or anti-inflammatories 7 days before the procedure. You must also confirm with your physician if you can stop your medication 10 days before the examination. Lastly, have someone accompany you and then bring you home after the procedure. 

Duration: 30 minutes

Breast Biopsy

Instructions: You may eat before the examination. You must not take aspirin, anticoagulants (blood-thinners) or anti-inflammatories 7 days before the procedure. You must also confirm with your physician if you can stop your medication 10 days before the examination. You must wear a support bra. Lastly, have someone accompany you and then bring you home after the procedure. 

Duration: 30 minutes

Thyroid Gland Biopsy

Instructions: You may eat before the examination. You must not take aspirin, anticoagulants (blood-thinners) or anti-inflammatories 7 days before the procedure. You must also confirm with your physician if you can stop your medication 7 days before the examination. Lastly, have someone accompany you and then bring you home after the procedure. 

Duration: 30 minutes

Abdominal Biopsy

Instructions: You must fast 6 hours before the procedure. You must not take aspirin, anticoagulants (blood-thinners) or anti-inflammatories 7 days before the procedure. You must also confirm with your physician if you can stop your medication 7 days before the examination. You will be admitted into the Medical Day Unit for 4 hours. Lastly, have someone accompany you and then bring you home after the procedure.

Duration: 30 minutes